The exam will consist of 7 sections. Descriptions of each section can be found below. The test is worth 25% and you will have 80 minutes to write it in class.
Section 1 (2%): Identifying the premises and conclusions of arguments. Determine if there is an argument present and identify the premises (Pn) and conclusion (Cn). Label only those premises relevant to the conclusion(s). All cases will be based on exercises 1A and 1C.
Section 2 (2%): Determining validity and invalidity. For each example, a) identify if there is an argument, and if so, the premises and the conclusion, b) determine if the argument is valid, and c) say why it is or is not sound. All cases will be based on exercises 1E and 1F.
Section 3 (5%): Constructing arguments. Construct arguments for two of the following views. Your arguments should have at least 5 premises, at least one of which is a conclusion from preceding premises. Name the valid form(s) you have used. Do not use the same forms for both arguments. Do not use Modus Ponens or Tollens more than once per argument. On the test, 3 of the following options will appear and you must pick 2.
Section 4 (2%): Detecting equivocations. For 4 of the following 6 examples, identify the conclusion of argument and say whether the argument is valid. If not, note and analyze the equivocation being made. All cases will be based on exercise 3A.
Section 5 (6%): Identifying informal fallacies. For 6 of the following 8 examples, name or describe the fallacy committed and analyze the difficulty it introduces. All cases will be based on exercise 4F.
Section 6 (2%): Evaluating analogies. For 2 of the following 4 examples, identify the source, target, and any connecting principles evident. Construct one disanalogy based on the similarities provided. All cases will be based on exercises 5A.
Section 7 (6%): Paragraph length answers. Three of the following questions will appear on the test. You must answer two of them.
Give two general features of human reasoning that are displayed in the 'hot hand' example. Why are they each a problem? Is this related to the Sports Illustrated Jinx? Why or why not?