Phil 255: Midterm I Questions
Philosophy of Mind
the following questions will be on the midterm. You will have to answer
five of them. Each will be worth 6% of your final grade. You will have 80
minutes to answer them in class.
and describe Descartes preferred methodology for examining the mind. What
did he conclude using this methodology and (briefly) why? Name two problems
with Descartes method and/or conclusion. Give two reasons why his view
held such sway.
- Who is James' main target and why? Name and describe in some detail
two of James' characters of consciousness. Note what he concludes from
each of these aspects of consciousness.
- What was Watson trying to do in the 'Little Albert' experiment? Show
how this experiment incorporates or demonstrates three of the central
aspects of behaviourism.
- What is a category mistake? Give one example. What is the category mistake that Ryle felt was common in philosophy of mind? What is the 'puzzling element' in thinking? What does Ryle think dualists were mislead to posit metaphysically and why? What is the difference between Ryle's and Watson's forms of behaviourism?
- Name and describe in some detail three problems with behaviourism.
- Name and describe the three uses of 'is' identified by Place and give
an example of each (that are not in his essay, the text, or the class
notes). What is the relevance of this analysis to Place's main thesis
in this paper why?
- What is the difference between type and token identity theory? Which
were identity theorists arguing for? What reasons did Smart give for holding
identity theory? What was Armstrong's contribution to establishing the
plausibility of identity theory?
- Why does Putnam think Turing machines are important for psychology?
Give two reasons why Putnam thinks implementation is irrelevant to psychology?
What example does he use to establish the irrelevance of physical explanation
and how does it help do so (describe it)?
- Give two examples of thought experiments used to discredit functionalism
and describe how they are supposed to do so. Describe 3 common difficulties
with thought experiments and show at least one applies in each of the
previous two examples.