Possible Questions for the Midterm
Phil/Psych 256: Introduction to Cognitive Science
Six of the following questions will be on the midterm. You
will have to answer five of them. Each will be worth 7% of your final grade.
You will have 80 minutes to answer them in class.
- What is quantificational logic? Why is it the logic of choice for cognitive scientists? Give an example of an inference rule of quantificational logic. How is quantificational logic used to explain mental function?
- Name three kinds of reasoning. Give an example of each. What are the main
differences between each kind? How do they each relate to learning? Explain.
- What does CRUM stand for? What is the analogy that this approach relies on
(be specific). In what three ways is this analogy useful? Give an example of
each. Give one instance of how the analogy clearly fails.
- What are the two central tenets of RTM? What does Fodor think is the main
insight of classical cognitive science? How does logic relate to this insight
and RTM? Give two of Fodor's arguments in favour of RTM.
- What is a propositional attitude? How do you identify a propositional attitude? Give an example. What role do propositional attitudes play in RTM? What role do they play in folk psychology?
- What is the Chinese Room? How is it analogous to a production system? What
is the Turing test? What are two things the Chinese Room thought experiment
is intended to show? Describe one reply (other than the systems reply) and
Searle's response to it.
- What is a schema (draw a diagram if appropriate, name all major features
of a schema)? How does it relate to prototype theory? How can the structure
of schemas be justified (give two examples)?
- Name three theories of concepts. Provide a definition for each. Name one
problem for, and one strength of each theory.
- Name two criticisms of imagism and provide a detailed imagistic response to
each. If there is no such response, explain why. What result did Anderson derive
and what does it mean for the resolution of the imagery debate?
- What are two pieces of evidence that the mechanisms of perception are used during imagery? What are two pieces of evidence that the structure of some mental representations are similar to the structure of pictures? What kinds of properties do imagistic representations share with images?