Possible Questions for Midterm 2
Phil/Psych 256: Introduction to Cognitive Science
Six of the following questions will be on the midterm. You
will have to answer five of them. Each will be worth 5% of your final grade.
You will have 80 minutes to answer them in class.
- Name three standard features of connectionist models. What is the difference
between localist and distributed representations in connectionism? Name one strength
and one weakness of each kind of representation.
- Name and describe two theoretical commitments shared by connectionism and symbolicism
(i.e. Classic Cognitive Science). Describe of three pairs of theoretical
commitments that distinguish connectionism and symbolicism.
- What are three critiques of Marr’s theory of vision? Describe both the
critique and the aspect of Marr’s theory that is being criticized. For
each critique, list at least one piece of psychological or neuroscientific evidence
- Name and describe the three features of thought that Fodor and Pylyshyn claim
cognitive systems have? For each feature, describe how connectionists would reply
to show that these features don’t contradict the commitments of connectionism.
- Name and describe the three approaches to robotics that we discussed in class. What kind of task is each approach best suited to? Provide an example and explain why. What kind of task is each approach most poorly suited to? Provide an example and explain why.
- What is dynamic systems theory? How has it been suggested to relate to the mind? What approach(es) to robotics is it related to and how? Name two limitations of such an approach to robotics.
is cognitivism with regard to emotions? Name two problems that arise for this
view. Briefly describe Griffiths theory of emotions. How does it solve these
is the main neurological evidence that motivates the emotion challenge to cognitive
science? Name two ways in which we might expand CRUM to account for emotions.
Name one way in which we might supplement CRUM to account for emotions. What
kinds of difficulties arise for the proposed ‘supplement’?
- How do Crick and Koch
try to make consciousness a respectable scientific problem? Name and describe
three neurological/psychological phenomena that Crick and Koch think are important
for understanding consciousness. What do they conclude based on these kinds