René Agustín De los Santos, Ph.D. Gervitz Graduate School of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara
René Agustín De los Santos’s research interests include the rhetoric of science and technology, the rhetoric of nation-building and rhetorical theory. Additionally, his interests extend themselves into examining the psycho-social, literate activities of individuals as they seek enculturation into professional and workplace communities and what these activities hold for the practice, criticism, and theory of rhetoric. These investigations are connected to his overarching concern in examining how collective and individual transformations occur through the mutable collisions cultures and their citizens sustain as they construct and reconstruct themselves.
Charles Bazerman, Professor of English and Education, University of California, Santa Barbara
Professor Bazerman’s research interests include the psycho-social dynamics of writing, the rhetoric of science and technology, and rhetorical theory. At the University of California, Santa Barbara, he runs the interdisciplinary research focus group on Science, Technology and Culture Studies and he is affiliated with the Program in Language, Interaction, and Social Organization (LISO), the Transcriptions project on the culture of information. He is also affiliated with the Laboratory for Comparative Human Cognition (LCHC), at UC San Diego.
His important book, Shaping written knowledge: the genre and activity of the experimental article in science, is one of the foundational texts in rhetoric of science, and has won several awards including the McGovern Medal of the American Medical Writer’s Association and the National Council of Teachers of English Award for Excellence in Technical and Scientific Writing.
"Bazerman gives a new direction to this well-known story . for a gentle, well-informed, unpretentious, and unpolemical attempt to raise our consciousness about scientific writing, this book is a good read." Ian Hacking, Science
"Bazerman’s work deserves the attention of historians of science . an excellent introduction to much of the work being done at the intersection of philosophy, sociology, and literary studies with the history of science. The author is to be congratulated " Jan Golinski, Isis
His Languages of Edison’s electric light looks at the emergence of electric light as a process of symbols and communication, examining how Edison and his colleagues represented light and power to themselves and to others as the technology was transformed from an idea to a daily fact of life. It looks at the rhetoric used to create meaning and value for the emergent technology in the laboratory, in patent offices and courts, in financial markets, and in boardrooms, city halls, newspapers, and the consumer marketplace. Bazerman portrays Edison, both the individual and the corporation, as a self-conscious social actor whose rhetorical groundwork was crucial to the technology's material realization and success.
Languages of Edison's electric light won the American Association of Publishers' award for the best scholarly book in the History of Science and Technology in 1999.
John Angus Campbell, Professor, Speech Communication, University of Memphis
John Angus Campbell is one of the true pioneers in rhetorical criticism of scientific discourse, developing insightful and influential analyses of Darwin’s work for over thirty years; as well as publishing important papers on rhetorical criticism generally; on rhetoric and history; and on the theoretical implications of rhetoric for the practice and the understanding of science. His research has appeared in a wide range of journals and books, including Victorian studies, Quarterly journal of speech, Speech monographs, and Rhetorica., and he is an Associate Editor of the Quarterly journal of speech. He is a two-time winner of the Golden Monograph Award of the Speech Communication Association, a Van Zelst Lecturer at Northwestern University, and a winner of the Distinguished Teaching Award at the University of Washington. He is unquestionably the international authority on Darwin’s argumentation, a topic on which he is currently completing a long-awaited book, Charles Darwin: a rhetorical biography.
He is a founding member and past President of the American Association for the Rhetoric of Science and Technology. In addition, he is an associate editor of Rhetoric and public affairs and the Southern journal of communication, and of the on-line journal Poroi.
Leah Ceccarelli, Assistant Professor, Department of Communication, University of Washington
Professor Ceccarelli specializes in the rhetoric of science, with over-arching interests in rhetorical criticism and theory generally. She has received two major research awards from the National Communication Association: the Gerald R. Miller Outstanding Dissertation Award in 1996 for her PhD work on the rhetoric of interdisciplinarity in science, and the Golden Anniversary Monograph Award in 1999 for her article on polysemy in rhetorical criticism.
Her Shaping science with rhetoric: the cases of Dobzhansky, Schrödinger, and Wilson explores how scientists persuade colleagues from diverse fields to cross the disciplinary divide. Why do some attempts to inspire such research win widespread acclaim and support, Ceccarelli asks, while others do not? She investigates these issues through close readings of three interdisciplinary monographs Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics and the origin of species (1937), which inspired the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology; Erwin Schrödinger's What is life? (1944), which catalyzed the field of molecular biology; and Edward O. Wilson's Consilience (1998), a so-far less than fully successful attempt to unite the social and biological sciences. She examines the rhetorical strategies manifest in each book, evaluating which worked best, based on the reviews and scientific papers that followed in their wake, and which did not.
"Shaping science with rhetoric ... represents a genuine advance, not only in rhetoric of science, but also in rhetorical criticism generally"Alan G. Gross
"[It is] the first [book] to realize fully both the theoretical and practical promise of the rhetoric of science" Steve Fuller
A preliminary look at some of the arguments in Ceccarelli's book, "Uniting biology and the social sciences", is available in the online journal, Poroi.
Jeanne Fahnestock, Professor, English, University of Maryland
Professor Fahnestock is a highly respected theorist of argumentation and rhetorical theory, and a gifted critic. Her major contribution to the rhetorical criticism of scientific discourse, and to rhetorical theory more broadly, Rhetorical figures in science, demonstrates how figures of speech (beyond metaphor) have been used to accomplish key conceptual moves in scientific texts. She is also author of A rhetoric of argument (with Marie Secor), and of many important articles, in journals such as Rhetoric Society quarterly, College composition and communication , and Science, technology and human values. Her influential paper, "Accommodating science," has been reprinted twice, and translated into Portuguese.
"Rhetorical figures in science is a masterwork: easily the most important book in rhetoric of science over the last decade: among the most important books in rhetoric-period over at least the same stretch: the foremost contribution to figuration since I don't know when, maybe since Peacham: a study no one in the field of rhetoric can afford to do without. ... [Fahnestock is] an extraordinarily assiduous and talented scholar" --Randy Harris, Rhetoric Society quarterly
Alan G. Gross, Professor, Rhetoric, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
Alan G. Gross has published many articles in rhetoric of science, rhetorical theory, rhetorical criticism, and the philosophy and sociology of science, appearing in a wide range of books and journals, including Rhetoric Society quarterly, Quarterly journal of speech, Rhetoric review, and Argumentation..
His very influential book The rhetoric of science, is one of the earliest, and is the best known, monograph on the rhetorical investigation of scientific discourse. It helped define the field.
"Gross makes his case for a rhetorical analysis of science with impressive virtuosity. His examples range from Copernican astronomy to contemporary peer review, from optics to oncology, and from Darwin's private notebooks to recent debates about recombinant DNA." --John Durant, Times literary supplement
Gross is also editor (with William M. Keith) of Rhetorical hermeneutics: invention and interpretation in the age of science, the most widely discussed and cited collection of articles in the field.
"...an extraordinary book. The engagement is consistent throughout the volume. Unlike most anthologies, there is no issue of continuity in this one. It contains treatments of the field' s most central issues and has a group of well-known authors who, in fact, have helped to define the field. I know of no book that approaches an engagement at this level." --J. Shapiro, University of Hawaii
Most recently, he has (along with Joseph E. Harmon and Michael S. Reidy) published Communicating science: the scientific article from the 17th century to the present, a book which promises to be yet another citation classic. Gross and his collaborators chart the development of the scientific article, in French, English, and German, from its beginnings as a gentlemanly letter to the dense, rigid, thoroughly professionalized, maligned-but-incredibly-influential genre it has become in the twenty-first century. Associated with the book is an online exhibit, curated by Gross and Harmon in concert with the University of Chicago library: The scientific article: from the republic of letters to the world wide web.
Randy Harris, Professor, Rhetoric and Professional Writing, English, University of Waterloo
Randy Harris works on issues in linguistics, rhetoric, technical communication, voice interfaces, and scientific discourse--publishing in a wide range of edited collections and journals, including Rhetoric Society quarterly, Perspectives on science, Rhetoric review, Technical communication, and College English.
His well-received The linguistic wars is a covert rhetorical analysis of a major debate in Chomskyan linguistics.
"Harris has captured the flavour and the fervour of the debates to perfection. His account of these battles is of interest because it sheds light on the emergence and development of ideas now seen to be seminal . Harris has achieved the near impossible: being fair to both sides in a civil war." Neil Smith, Nature
"This is intellectual drama crossed with a Shakespearean history play."David Berreby, The sciences
He is also editor of the collection, Landmark essays in rhetoric of science: case studies, and of special issues of the Journal of technical writing and communication and Technostyle.
Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Center for Philosophy and Ethics of Science, University of Hannover, Germany
Professor Hoyningen-Huene is the most authoritative voice on the work of Kuhn (who wrote of Hoyningen-Huene that "no one, myself included, speaks with as much authority about the nature and development of my ideas").
He was educated at the University of Munich, the Imperial College London, and the University of Zürich. He has a diploma in theoretical physics from Munich (1971) and a PhD in theoretical physics from Zürich (1975). At the University of Zurich, he was a research assistant for theoretical physics from 1972-1976, and for philosophy from 1975-1980 . From 1976-1994, he was a part-time lecturer in philosophy at the University of Zurich, and at the University of Berne from 1980-1998. From 1984-1985, Hoyningen-Huene was a Visiting Scholar at M.I.T., with Thomas Kuhn; from 1987-1988, he was a senior visiting fellow at the Center for Philosophy of Science, Pittsburgh. During 1989-1990, he was a senior research associate for environmental sciences at the ETH Zurich. During 1990-1997, he was a professor of history and philosophy of science at the University of Konstanz, Germany. Since 1997, he has been a Professor and director of the Center for Philosophy and Ethics of Science at the University of Hannover, Germany.
Hoyningen-Huene's main research areas include: dynamics of scientific theory change, especially in Kuhn and Feyerabend; reduction and emergence; ethics of science; metaethics; philosophy of logics, of physics, of biology, of history, and of psychology.He has published very extensively, in edited collections, as well as in such journals as Conceptus, The journal for general philosophy of science, Nature, Studies in history and philosophy of science, and Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. His books include Die Mathematisierung der Wissenschaften, Reductionism and systems theory in the life sciences: some problems and perspectives, Formale Logik: Eine philosophische Einführung, Ethische Probleme in den Biowissenschaften, Die Wissenschaftsphilosophie Thomas S. Kuhns, and Paradigmen: Facetten einer Begriffskarriere.
Of his influential Reconstructing scientific revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's philosophy of science, Peter Barker has written:
"Everyone in science studies needs to read this book. It gives the first systematic presentation of Thomas Kuhn's ideas abotu science. The reception of Kuhn's work has encountered two main difficulties: the tendency to misread his early position, and the tendency to ignore his later additions. This book, written with Kuhn's active assistance, remedies both deficiencies. More important still, it has something new to say about the most intractable problems in the philosophy of science." Peter Barker, Isis
Professor Hoyningen-Huene also organized a major interntational conference on incommensurability (and related matters) with Howard Sankey, gathering philosophers of science with a smattering of sociologists, historians, and psychologists of science, with at least one rhetorician, all of which resulted in the important collection (edited by Hoyningen-Huene and Sankey), Incommensurability and related matters.
Thomas M. Lessl, Associate Professor, Speech Communication, University of Georgia
Professor Lessl’s research program in the rhetoric of science has dealt mainly with the public presentation of science and has emphasized the following concerns: (1) the sycretistic features of public science--its tendency to draw together a metaphysics taken from Western religion and a secular ideology created by the post-enlightenment cultures of the West. (2) the constraints placed upon scientific communicators due to the complexity of their discourses and the heterogeneity of their audiences. He has particularly concerned himself with the social construction of institutional and public identities through conflictmanifest, for instance, in the dialectic of heresy and orthodoxy through which institutional identities are adjusted and affirmed.
Lessl's several publications exploring the intersection between science and religion constitute a fascinating genre of their own, and his every installment on the topic is eagerly awaited by other rhetoricians. Among the topics he has written on are the Galileo legend, Francis Bacon, Intelligent Desigh, Carl Sagan's popularization strategies, and the Scopes trialin journals including the Western journal of communication, Journal of communication and religion, and the Quarterly journal of speech.
His recognitions and honors inlcude: Karl Wallace Memorial Award, 1989; a top five paper in free speech, National Communication Association Convention (1997); and the top papers in public address at two Speech Communication Association conventions (1986, 1991).
Carolyn R. Miller, Professor, English, North Carolina State University
Professor Miller is one of the most respected voices in rhetoric of science and technology, and a major presence in the development modern genre theory. She is Alumni Distinguished Professor of English and co-director of the Center for Information Society Studies at North Carolina State University. She has published essays on rhetorical theory and the rhetoric of science and technology in Argumentation, the Quarterly journal of speech, Rhetorica, Rhetoric Society quarterly, and other journals, as well as in many edited volumes. She is a past president of the Rhetoric Society of America.
Lawrence J. Prelli, Associate Professor, Communication, University of New Hampshire
Professor Prelli is the author of the well-known book, A rhetoric of science: inventing scientific discourse, which won Eastern Communication Association's Everett Lee Award for Scholarship in Rhetoric and Public address. Its critical reception was very warm:
"Lawrence Prelli's ground-breaking work, A rhetoric of science: inventing scientific discourse, focuses on the 'rhetorical dimensions of creating and evaluating scientific communication'.... A rhetoric of science is a carefully written study that is of special interest to scholars concerned with examining scientific discourse from the rhetorical point of view." -- Jeanine Czubaroff, Journal of communication
"Prelli's arguments are detailed and well supported with many rich examples.... Prelli's book, with its provision of clearly defined topical structures and well chosen case studies, is therefore a valuable resource for scholars." -- Kenneth S. Zagacki, Quarterly journal of speech.
In addition to editing special issues on the rhetoric of science for Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning and for Communication theory, Professor Prelli has published work on rhetoric of science, rhetorical theory and criticism, and the rhetoric of environmental controversies in a range of books and journals, including The quarterly journal of speech, Communication monographs, and Communication theory. Professor Prelli has served as consultant for the National Science Foundation and has served on the editorial boards of several scholarly journals. Currently, he is editing a book on rhetorics of display for University of South Carolina Press.
Herbert W. Simons, Professor of Speech Communication, School of Communications & Theater, Temple University
Professor Simons is an internationally renowned scholar, with extensive catalogues of awards, guest lectureships and professorships, and publications. His awards includethe Winans-Wichelns Award for Best Article, two SCA Golden Anniversary Award for Best Article, the American Forensic Association Award for Best Article, and a Lifetime Achievement Award for Distinguished Scholarship, from the Speech Communication Association.
His guest appointments have included: Uppsala U. (Fulbright Teacher), UC Berkeley (Research Associate), East-West Center (Centerwide Fellow), U. of Iowa (Exchange Professor), Kent State U. (Visiting Professor), U. of Massachusetts (Visiting Professor), U. of Maryland (Visiting Professor), U. of Maine (Visiting Professor), U. of Michigan (Research Associate), U. of Washington (Visiting Professor). His many books include two major collections in rhetoric of science, The rhetorical turn: invention and persuasion in the conduct of inquiry, and Rhetoric in the human sciences; and his other work has been published widely, in books and journals including the Quarterly journal of speech, Argumentation, Southern speech communication journal, and Social epistemology.
He is the author of Persuasion in society, a combination of contemporary rhetorical theory and criticism with social scientific theory and research to help readers better practice persuasion, improve their capacity to analyze critical messages, and better understand the workings of persuasion in society and its psychological dynamics.